Note: ASWM does not specifically endorse or promote any of the resources on this page. The list is provided for user evaluation and determination if the content is useful or acceptable for their own uses.
Basic Information about Pipelines and Pipeline Construction
- Pipeline Basics and Specifics About Natural Gas Pipelines External Link (Pipeline Safety Trust: Briefing Paper #2)
- How do Pipelines Work? External Link (Pipelne101.org)
- Steps of Pipeline Construction (INGAA)
- Videos:It may be useful to purchase and review pipeline construction engineering texts as well.
Basic Information about the Regulation of Pipelines
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
According to the Energy Policy Act of 2005, FERC is responsible for:
- the regulation of the transmission and sale of natural gas and oil for resale in interstate commerce;
- the regulation of the transportation of oil by pipeline in interstate commerce;
- Approving the siting and abandonment of interstate natural gas pipelines and storage facilities;
- Approves the siting of liquefied natural gas terminals;
- Ensuring the safe operation and reliability of proposed and operating LNG terminals;
- Monitoring and investigation of energy markets;
- Enforcing FERC regulatory requirements through imposition of civil penalties and other means; and
- overseeing environmental matters related to natural gas and hydroelectricity projects and other matters.
The US Department of Transportation (USDOT) Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA)
PHMSA is the agency that:
- Develops and enforces regulations for the "safe, reliable, and environmentally sound operation of the nation's pipeline transportation system."
- Houses the Office of Pipeline Safety (OPS), which is the Federal safety authority for the nation. They provide information regarding pipeline regulation, proposed and final rulemaking, and pipeline statistics.
- PHMSA provides technical resources as well as information relating to their Transmission Integrity Management Program.
- Provides information on the Common Ground Alliance, One Call programs, the National Pipeline Mapping System, and report on accidents/incidents/corrective action orders for major pipelines.
- Provides information on individual state pipeline profiles. Visit the website and select your state from the "State Pipeline Profiles" on the left banner
State Public Utilities Commission (PUC)
PUCs are agents for PHMSA and:
- The PUC enforces the federal pipeline safety regulations in each state
- Each PUC has developed a registry of pipeline operators and is charged with conducting safety inspections of the lines for all pipeline operators in the state
- Each PUC monitors compliance with federal and state regulations by conducting frequent inspections of pipeline facilities and records of regulated gas utilities.
State permitting differs markedly between states. In most cases, state environmental or conservation agencies will be responsible for issuing permits when a pipeline runs through a wetland or crosses a waterway. More than one state agency may be involved in permit review, issuing and decisions. All states conduct some form of 401 certification for individual pipeline permits. In some states, in addition to §401 certification, the state has its own wetland/waterbody regulatory dredge and fill program. In this case, not only does the state review and potentially condition the federal permit, but also may require a separate state permit. While this information resource focuses on wetland regulation (§401 certification of §404 permits and state dredge and fill program permits), applicants need to be aware that other environmental review and permitting also needs to take place. States may have requirements for a set of standardized best practices that will be either required or encouraged.
In some states, wetland impacts are regulated at the local level. Check with your state agencies to understand the specific requirements for compliance.
FERC Regulation of Natural Gas Pipelines
- FERC Environmental Review and Compliance for Natural Gas Facilities
- The Natural Gas Pipeline Application Process at FERC (Infographic)
- FERC Wetland and Waterbody Construction and Mitigation Procedures
Opportunities for Regulatory Training
- FERC E-Learning: FERC Environmental Review and Compliance for Natural Gas Facilities
FERC Natural Gas Environmental Review and Compliance Training Seminars Offered by FERC
- Module 11: Specialized Pipeline Construction – Wetland Crossings
- Module 12: Specialized Pipeline Construction: Waterbody Crossings
- American Gas Association Natural Gas Glossary
- Millennium Pipeline Company LLC Glossary
- NYPUSC Glossary of Terms Used by Utilities and their Regulators
- Pipelines and Informed Planning Alliance (PIPA) Natural Gas Pipeline Glossary (p.4)
- Pipeline Safety Trust Glossary
- U.S. Department of Transportation Pipeline Glossary
- Federal Regulatory Energy Commission (FERC) – Natural Gas
- Department of Energy
- U.S. Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA)
- National Association of Pipeline Safety Representatives (NAPSR)
- U.S. National Transportation and Safety Board
- American Energy Information Administration
- U.S. Geological Survey
- Bureau of Ocean Energy Management
- Regulations.gov (Provides access to review and submit comments on federal documents)
Gas Industry Links
- American Petroleum Institute
- American Gas Association
- Association of Oil Pipe Lines (AOPL)
- Center for Liquefied Natural Gas
- Independent Petroleum Association of America
- Natural Gas Supply Association
- Naturalgas.org (an educational site of the Natural Gas Supply Association)
- Naturalgas.org – History of Natural Gas Regulation
- A Brief History of the Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Industry (INGAA)
- IPaC Information for Planning and Consultation: IPaC is a project planning tool which streamlines the USFWS environmental review process. Go to this site to help you identify USFWS managed resources and suggested conservation measures for your project.
- Partnering to Further Enhance Pipeline Safety in Communities through Risk-Informed Land Use Planning: Final Report of Recommended Practices (2010)
- The Case for Smart Planning in Pipeline Infrastructure Development, presentation by John Quigley, Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection Secretary, July 22, 2015.
- Pennsylvania Pipeline Infrastructure Task Force
- U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management and U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service. 2005. Fourth Edition
Stormwater Management/Erosion and Sediment Control
- U.S. EPA, Office of Wastewater Management. NPDES Stormwater Multi-Sector General Permit for Industrial Activities (MSGP).
- Sector 1: Oil and Gas Extraction Facilities. Industrial Stormwater Factsheet Series. US Environmental Protection Agency. EPA-833-F-06-024.
- Horizon Environmental Services, Inc. April 2004. Guidance Document: Reasonable and Prudent Practices for Stabilization (RAPPS) of Oil and Gas Construction Sites.