Climate Change Adaptation - Alabama

Climate Change Adaptation - Alabama


State Seal of Alabama

        Threat from Sea Level Rise     Threat to water supply or water quality     Threat from Intensified Storm Events     Threat to Natural Habitat and Wildlife  
           
                             

 

 

 

 

 

 Climate Change History

As of 2010, no reports of climate change adaptation planning is available.

 

Climate Change Adaptation - Alaska

Climate Change Adaptation - Alaska

State Seal of Alaska

        Threat from Sea Level Rise     Threat from Intensified Storm Events     Threat to Natural Habitat and Wildlife          
               
        Action: Adaptation Planning Includes Wetlands                      













Climate Change History

Alaska faces dramatic current effects from climate change.  Entire communities along Alaska’s northwest shore require relocation inland as barrier ice melts and storm effects cause dramatic erosion which threatens them.  Wildlife migration, notably of salmon, has been effected as well.  Even engineered infrastructure in Alaska such as roadways, airfields, and petroleum pipes were designed with permafrost’s continued existence as an assumption.  Alaska’s climate change planning is overseen by the Governor’s Sub-Cabinet which is split into adaptation and mitigation advisory groups.  The mitigation component follows the Center for Climate Studies framework used in many other states.  The adaptation component produced its own planning document which identifies the likely effects of climate change including permafrost thaw, increased invasive species activity, and threats to water availability as precipitation shifts from snow to rain.  The overwhelming majority of recommendations from the Adaption Advisory Group focused on the need for more data about Alaska’s natural systems.

Current & Future Action

No information about current state actions is available.

Pilot Programs/Current Studies

The state does not, as yet, have any specific pilots or case studies dealing with wetlands and climate change.

For More Information

n/a.

Climate Change Adaptation - Arizona

Climate Change Adaptation - Arizona

State Seal of Arizona

        Threat - Water Supply or Quality     Threat to Wildlife or Habitat        
                       
        Action: Monitoring Activities              
                       













Climate Change History

Arizona was a founding member of the Southwest Climate Change Initiative and established emissions targets with Executive Order 2006-13.

Current & Future Action

The Arizona Department of Environmental Quality is currently working on mapping wetlands throughout the state using NWI protocols.  Wetlands are to be identified at the Cowardin class level.  The project is expected to complete in 2011.  This mapping effort is intended to assist the state in monitoring wetland conditions and trends.

Pilot Programs/Current Studies

The state does not, as yet, have any specific pilots or case studies dealing with wetlands and climate change.

For More Information

n/a

Climate Change Adaptation - Arkansas

Climate Change Adaptation - Arkansas

 State Seal of Arkansas

        Threat to Wildlife or Habitat          
                   
        Action: Planning in Process          










Climate Change History

In 2008 Arkansas completed a Climate Action Plan with assistance from the Center for Climate Strategies (CCS). Arkansas’ plan focuses exclusively on the reduction of greenhouse gases (mitigation). It does not address preventative or protective strategies (adaptation). Wetlands are not featured in the plan.

Current & Future Action

Arkansas has established a Climate Change Working Group to examine species vulnerability and best management response to habitat impacts. This group is presently in an investigation phase, and has established a deadline of October, 2011 to produce a final report.

Pilot Programs/Current Studies

The state does not, as yet, have any specific pilots or case studies dealing with wetlands and climate change.

For More Information

For more information about the Arkansas Climate Change Working Group contact Jane Anderson at or (501)223-6350.

Climate Change Adaptation - California

Climate Change Adaptation - California

State Seal of California

        Threat from Sea Level Rise     Threat to Water Supply and Quality     Threat from Intensified Storm Events     Threat to Natural Habitat and Wildlife    
             
        Action: Completed Adaptation Plan Includes Wetlands     Action: Planning or Conducting Studies                












Climate Change History

In 2007, California completed a climate action plan titled “Proposed Early Actions to Mitigate Climate Change in California.”  Additional planning work was aided by the Center for Climate Strategies (CCS).  As the title suggests, this document focuses on mitigation: the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.  It does not include adaptation as a concern.  California received some attention for its automotive standard as well.  This standard has since been adopted by several other states.

Current & Future Action

At the end of 2009, California released its Climate Adaptation Strategy.  This document outlines the threats facing California, in particular that of water shortages.  In addition to making explicit mention of wetlands, the plan has an extensive section on ecoservices and their importance for the State.  The California State Water Board is working to create a new wetland definition, delineation, and assessment policy which will protect wetlands in light of climate change.  This effort is in its second year, and is expected to complete in 2011.

Pilot Programs/Current Studies

Preparing for the Effects of Climate Change – A Strategy for California (2010)
This document addresses the threats the state has identified, including sea level rise (with specific mention of effects on coastal wetlands, shoreline habitat), effects on floodplains, etc. There are recommended studies and a need to monitor sea level rise and wave measurement, monitoring of saltwater intrusion in coastal acquifers, salinity changes in bays and estuaries, beach dynamics, coastal erosion rates, tetonic uplift rates, and changes in flooding patterns and wetland inundation, sedimentatin, and species; precipitation rates and snow pack density and more comprehensive measurement of fresh water diversions and groundwater usage. Task force recommendations include wetland restoration, preparing for sea level rise, etc. A case study on the San Francisco South Bay Salt Pond Restoration addresses the ecological value of wetlands, carbon sequestration, and other issues relevant to climate change adaptation planning. http://www.pacificcouncil.org/admin/document.doc?id=183

For More Information

Update July 2012: Climate Vulnerability & Adaptation Study for California; Legal Analysis of Barriers to Adaptation for California’s Water Sector, July 2012
http://www.energy.ca.gov/2012publications/CEC-500-2012-019/CEC-500-2012-019.pdf

Update April 2012: CA has posted its Climate Change Adaptation Plan for Water Resources, which includes tidal wetlands. http://resources.ca.gov/climate_adaptation/docs/Statewide_Adaptation_Strategy_-_Chapter_7_-_Water_Management.pdf

For additional resources on climate change adaptation efforts and research in CA, go to: http://resources.ca.gov/climate_adaptation/statewide_adaptation/water.html

The climate change portal for California is found at: http://www.climatechange.ca.gov/

The California Adaptation Plan is available from: http://www.climatechange.ca.gov/adaptation/index.html

For more information see the Climate Change Handbook for Regional Water Planning (2011)
http://www.water.ca.gov/climatechange/CCHandbook.cfm

Climate Change Adaptation - Colorado

Climate Change Adaptation - Colorado

State Seal of Colorado

        Threat to Water Supply and Quality     Threat from Intensified Storm Events     Threat from Increased Drought      
               
        Action: Completed Adaptation Plan Includes Wetlands                  













Climate Change History

In November of 2007, Governor Bill Ritter put forward the Colorado Climate Action Plan.  Although most of the plan is organized around the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (mitigation), there is explicit mention of wetlands, water resources, and the adaptation of these to the impacts of climate change.

Current & Future Action

The Adaptation section of the Colorado Climate Action Plan calls for scientific inquiry into the specifics of Colorado’s climate future.  Consistent with this, the Colorado Division of Wildlife is working to refine its understanding of the possible impacts from climate change on crucial habitats and movement corridors.  The Colorado Division of Wildlife (CDOW) is mapping priority wetlands on a river-basin basis, statewide.  The project is intended to replace out of date, National Wetlands Inventory maps which are now 20-30 years old.  CDOW also plans to conduct a climate change update to the 2006 State Wildlife Action Plan.

Pilot Programs/Current Studies

The state does not, as yet, have any specific pilots or case studies dealing with wetlands and climate change.

For More Information

The Colorado Climate Action Plan is available at: http://rechargecolorado.com/images/uploads/pdfs/5f7e2afe6caecefd248d140d0514895a.pdf

For more information about climate change and wetlands issues:

Tom Schreiner, CDOW Climate Change Coordinator -

Brian Sullivan, CDOW Wetlands Program Coordinator –

Matt Kondratieff, CDOW Stream Restoration Coordinator –

Chris Sturm, Colorado Water Conservation Board Stream Restoration Coordinator –

Dick Parachini, Water Quality Control Division Watershed Program Manager -

Climate Change Adaptation - Connecticut

Climate Change Adaptation - Connecticut

State Seal of Connecticut

        Threat from Sea Level Rise     Threat to Water Supply and Quality     Threat from Intensified Storm Events     Threat from Increased Drought     Threat to Wildlife and Habitat  
           
        Action: Completed Adaptation Plan Includes Wetlands                          














Climate Change History

Connecticut completed a Climate Action Plan in 2005.  The plan focused on greenhouse gas reductions (mitigation), however the Governor’s Steering Committee on Climate Change created an Adaptation Subcommittee in 2008.  In 2009 the Department of Environmental Protection published, “Facing Our Future,” an initial examination of existing knowledge about climate change impacts that were unavoidable.

Current & Future Action

In April of 2010 the Adaptation Subcommittee published its first report, “Impacts of Climate Change on Connecticut Agriculture, Infrastructure, Natural Resources and Public Health.”  The document outlines the need for adaptation measures and explores possible avenues of action and discussion.  The Natural Resources workgroup under this subcommittee identified many of Connecticut’s wetland ecosystems as being at risk from climate change effects.  A second report covering adaptation strategies, including conservation strategies for wetlands, is expected by the end of 2010.

Pilot Programs/Current Studies

The adaptation strategies report from the Adaptation Subcommittee is expected to include several wetlands case studies.  At this time, however, the State does not have any case studies to report.

For More Information

The Adaptation Subcommittee website is: http://ctclimatechange.com/index.php/ct-happenings/gsc-adaptation-subcommittee/

The Adaptation Subcommittee’s final first report is available at: http://ctclimatechange.com/index.php/the-impacts-of-climate-change-on-connecticut-agriculture-infrastructure-natural-resources-and-public-health-2010/

For more information about climate change and wetlands contact:

Denise Ruzicka at (860)424-3853 for inland wetlands.

Harry Yamalis at (860)424-3620 for coastal wetlands.

Climate Change Adaptation - Delaware

Climate Change Adaptation - Delaware

State Seal of Delaware

        Threat to Wildlife or Habitat     Threat - Water Supply or Quality     Threat to Wildlife or Habitat      
               
        Action: Monitoring Activities     Action: Monitoring Activities     Action: Monitoring Activities      













Climate Change History

The Center for Energy and Environmental Policy at the University of Delaware developed the Delaware Climate Change Action Plan in 2000 for the Delaware Energy Office and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.  No implementation or progress report for the recommendations in this document is available.  However, the State has focused tremendous effort, in recent years, on energy efficiency programs and renewable portfolio standards.

Current & Future Action

Delaware is not currently working on a comprehensive response to climate change.  However, many State offices are incorporating climate change considerations into their programs.  Delaware is currently working on a comprehensive strategy for sea level rise, one of the key threats to the State resulting from climate change.

The Delaware Coastal Programs, a partnership between the State of Delaware and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), is leading this initiative which includes research, technical assistance, policy development and early implementation components.  The State has recently acquired complete LiDAR imagery (see links below) and has constructed several statewide inundation scenarios.

Pilot Programs/Current Studies

Delaware’s Sea Level Rise programs include:

  • Development of a Marsh Vulnerability Index
  • Development of Sediment Elevation Tables
  • A Digital Coast Project
  • Development of a Coastal Flood Monitoring System
  • Development of a statewide Adaptation Plan (2011)

Delaware recently conducted a survey of residents’ opinions on Climate Change and Sea Level Rise.  The final report is 200 pages and contains a vast amount of information of value to outreach efforts.  A 16 page executive summary is also available.

For More Information

Delaware’s main page for Sea Level Rise issues is: http://www.swc.dnrec.delaware.gov/coastal/Pages/SeaLevelRiseAdaptation.aspx

Delaware maintains a compendium of its many Sea Level Rise projects at: http://www.dnrec.delaware.gov/coastal/Documents/SeaLevelRise/SLRCompSept2011.pdf

NOAA’s Digital Coast program contains a ‘Lessons Learned’ document on Delaware’s recent LiDAR program: http://www.csc.noaa.gov/digitalcoast/_/pdf/de_lessons.pdf

For more information contact Susan Love at or (302)739-9283.

Climate Change Adaptation - Florida

Climate Change Adaptation - Florida

State Seal of Florida

        Threat from Sea Level Rise     Threat - Water Supply or Quality     Threat from Increased Weather Events     Threat to Wildlife or Habitat    
             
        Action: Completed Action Plan Including Wetlands     Action: Planning or Conducting Studies                












Climate Change History

Florida produced a Climate Action plan in 2008 using the Center for Climate Strategies (CCS) model.  Florida’s plan has a strong focus on greenhouse gas reductions, similar to other CCS-model climate plans in other states.  Appendix F of Florida’s plan does include explicit mention of coastal wetlands and the role they can play in mitigation and adaptation to various challenges brought on by sea level rise including storm surge mitigation, water quality improvement, and prevention of erosion.

Current & Future Action

Climate change modeling is presently only readily available at a global level.  Regional models are being developed but are not yet in a useful state.  In the absence of satisfactory climate change models for Florida specifically, the State has partnered with a variety of organizations and entities, including the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, to develop a better base of data and a greater understanding of the specific impacts Florida is likely to face.  The most recent draft of the Florida Forest Resource Strategy includes explicit recommendations for wetland migration planning.  Florida is also in need of definitive policy direction, better mapping of vulnerable areas, and an improved ability to measure impacts as they occur.

Pilot Programs/Current Studies

In 2009, the Division of State Lands (part of their Department of Environmental Protection) published a study of the carbon footprint of public lands.  While the report concludes that public lands “are a net carbon sink” the net effect from wetlands is listed as “TBD (+/-).”  The report notes that wetlands’ ability to play a role in sequestration is an area where more study is needed.

Several municipal entities in Florida have begun to include climate change considerations.  (e.g. See Miami-Dade County, below.)

For More Information

A more detailed summary of some of Florida’s actions by Doug Fry is available here: http://aswm.org/pdf_lib/florida_climate_change_response_2010.pdf

2008 Florida Climate Action Plan: http://research.fit.edu/sealevelriselibrary/documents/doc_mgr/449/Florida_Energy_&_CC_Action_Plan_-_CCS_2008.pdf

Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Program Climate Change Considerations: http://www.cerpzone.org/documents/cgm/cgm_016.00.pdf

Division of State Lands Report: http://ecoassetsolutions.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/FDEP_Carbon-Storage-and-Sequestration-Report_070209.pdf

Miami-Dade County Climate Change Advisory Task Force: http://www.miamidade.gov/derm/climatechange/taskforce.asp

For more information about climate change issues as they pertain to wetlands and surface waters, contact Doug Fry (850)245-8480

For more information about climate change issues generally, contact the Florida Energy and Climate Commission.  Their website is: http://www.myfloridaclimate.com/climate_quick_links/florida_energy_climate_commission

Climate Change Adaptation - Georgia

Climate Change Adaptation - Georgia


State Seal of Georgia

        Threat from Sea Level Rise   Threat to Water Supply and Quality   Threat from Intensified Weather   Threat to Wildlife and Habitat
       
                   











Climate Change History

As of 2010, the State of Georgia did not report any specific climate change adaptation planning for wetlands and water resources to ASWM. However, the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)’s Digital Services has developed sea level rise adaptation planning tools specific to Georgia. For more information, see Identifying Areas Vulnerable to Sea Level Rise in Georgia. The NOAA Sea Grant Community Climate Adaptation Initiative, which includes several partners, worked with the City of Tybee Island to identify the areas of the island most vulnerable to sea level rise using the Sea Level Rise and Coastal Flooding Impacts Viewer. For more information, click here.

The University of Georgia Sea Grant has taken a lead role in developing climate change adaptation and sea level rise planning tools for the State of Georgia. For more information, visit: https://georgiaseagrant.uga.edu/article/climate_adaptation/. The Georgia Sea Grant partners with a number of state programs, such as the Adopt-a-Stream Program, Georgia Department of Agriculture, Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Georgia State Climatology Office, and many other state partners. The Georgia Sea Grant developed a shoreline change mapping tool in 2008-2010, which they have used to create new methodologies and tools for analyzing shoreline changes and coastal geohazards. One such tool was the Analyzing Moving Boundaries Using R (AMBUR). https://georgiaseagrant.uga.edu/article/shoreline_change/.